Your most valuable workplace benefit may be the most overlooked

June 2, 2019 | By Sharon Epperson & Jessica Dickler – CNBC

One in 4 adults will become disabled at some point before reaching retirement age, according to the Social Security Administration. Yet few people prepare for the possibility that any one ailment could cause them to miss work for an extended period of time.

A total of 20.1 million adults of employment age report a work disability, according to research published by the National Institutes of Health.

Common causes include back or neck problems, depression, anxiety or other emotional issues as well as arthritis or rheumatism.

“Most disabilities you can’t even see,” said Leston Welsh, the head of disability and absence management at Prudential Group Insurance.

There are two basic kinds of insurance that can protect you financially if you are unable to work: Policies for short-term disability, which maternity leave is typically covered under, generally replace 60% to 70% of your base salary. Long-term disability, which ordinarily kicks in after three to six months, typically replaces 40% to 60% of your income.

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